7 April 2016

Кто должен руководить Организацией Объединенных Наций?

Mogens Lyukketoft, Chairman of the seventieth session of the United Nations General Assembly

       This year the United Nations will choose the next Secretary-General. We need the best possible candidate for the position.

       It is often said that this work - the most difficult in the world.

       And if you remember about the challenges to the decision that the new Secretary General will begin January 1, 2017, it is not difficult to understand why this is so: the appalling human suffering and conflicts in various parts of the Middle East, Africa and Europe; violent extremism, carrying a threat to all of us; the continuing discrimination against women and girls; an alarming increase in xenophobia; More than 800 million people who are trying to get out of extreme poverty; nearly 60 million displaced persons worldwide; a unique opportunity to solve the problems associated with climate change and achieve sustainable development objectives, before it is too late; and management of the Organization, which need to adapt to new challenges and goals facing the world.

       Over the 70 years of its existence, the United Nations, despite its shortcomings, has demonstrated its ability to cope with such problems. However, in order to accomplish this task today, she must find the best possible candidate in the ongoing process in this year's selection and appointment of the next Secretary-General.

       The role of the United Nations Secretary-General

       According to many, the highest United Nations official must be either the Secretary or General. This view is simplistic, as Secretary-General should be one and the other, and not only.

       This should be a person with great moral courage and honesty; he or she is - and I do not see any reason for which the best candidate does not have to be a woman - to be a voice for the most vulnerable people in the world and will embody the very ideals and goals of the United Nations Organization.

       The Secretary-General, as the chief diplomat of the world, have to use their independence, impartiality and good service in order to prevent conflicts, advocate for peace and to uphold human rights.

       This is a man who has political authority and strong leadership skills who has the right to bring to the attention of the United Nations Security Council any matter which in his opinion may threaten the maintenance of international peace and security.

 

       In a 40 000 as Chief Administrative Officer of the United Nations Secretary-General should establish integrity culture, fairness, competence and efficiency of the entire United Nations system and to exercise control over a huge organization with a budget of about 10 billion. Dollars. USA, which employs employees and which carries out 41 peacekeeping operations around the world.

       The Secretary-General must be a person with strong interpersonal and communication skills, able to navigate well in our increasingly multi-polar world and to be the driving force of the global transition to sustainable development.

       Obsolete selection process

       In this regard, one would think that the process of selection of the Secretary-General should be as active, inclusive and transparent.

       However, today it is not.

       In past years, there was no clarity as to when it began the selection process or, which is hard to believe who was just nominated for the position. In addition, there was no formal job description, and there was no real opportunity for meaningful and open interaction with the candidates - neither the totality of the United Nations Member States, nor the public.

       Result: the recommended candidates were discussed in the course of negotiations behind closed doors, especially the five permanent members of the Security Council; among the eight general secretaries did not have a single woman; and, in fact, a symbolic procedure for the appointment of the United Nations General Assembly. As a result, general secretaries perceived - is not always true - as appointees of the very nations from which they must be independent as much as possible.

       A more appropriate way to select the next Secretary-General

       The United Nations Charter has clear guidelines as to the respective roles of the Security Council and the General Assembly in the process of selection and appointment, and they must be respected.

       However, recent changes of this process, agreed upon by all 193 members of the General Assembly, provide us with a real opportunity to make it more transparent, more reasonable, more comprehensive, and ultimately more effective.

       My task as Chairman of this Assembly is to ensure the implementation of these changes.

       In this regard, currently, the following steps.

       Last December, the Security Council and I embarked on a process of selection by publishing a call for nomination of candidates in the shortest possible time.

       We outlined the central elements of this process. We noted a number of key criteria for this position, and taking into account the seven decades of the rule of men, called on Member States to nominate candidates of both women and men.

       So far, seven candidates were presented, and their biographies and related information have already been published in open access on my website.

       But perhaps the best opportunity for a true break with the past is embodied in the form of open dialogue that I will be with candidates. These dialogues - sometimes called "hearings on the Secretary-General" - will begin on 12 April.

       As expected, each candidate will prepare a policy statement on the tasks that will be delivered to the United Nations Secretary-General and the next, and a window of opportunity. They will present their candidacies during the two-hour rounds answers to the questions received by all United Nations Member States and civil society representatives, and each dialogue will be webcast live on the air. Such dialogue will be held with new candidates until then, until the Security Council does not make recommendations. And I'm counting on the fact that each of those who are serious about becoming the next top diplomat in the world, will open and direct participation in the dialogue with the United Nations membership and the people whom he or she will eventually serve.

       Opportunity for change

       Of course, these developments do not lead to the immediate transformation of our world, and to discuss issues such as the duration and renewability of the term of office of the Secretary-General and the need for the General Assembly vote on the appointment until completed.

       However, they have the potential to set a new standard for transparency and inclusiveness in international affairs. They can increase our chances to find the best possible candidate for the leadership of the United Nations. And, as I believe they are creating an historic moment when the General Assembly - the most representative and democratic decision-making body - reasserts itself.

       This, taking into account the global challenges we face, can radically change the situation.

       I therefore appeal to you to: surf the web, join social networks, make your voice heard and help us find the best possible candidate for the post of United Nations Secretary-General, in which our world needs.