3 September 2019

UNAI Quiz: Welcome Back!

Whether you are starting the first day of the academic year or returning from winter holidays, UNAI would like to welcome you back to school! During your time away from June to August, the UN has published tens of reports on issues ranging from climate change, to the global fight against AIDS, food and agriculture, youth participation in peace processes, and rural youth development. To bring you up to date on these pivotal reports, take a look at the following summaries of important findings and test your knowledge with our UNAI quiz below!

Climate Change and Land: an IPCC special report on climate change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems

Released on 8 August, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) special report brought together more than 100 experts around the world to inform upcoming climate negotiations on the worsening global climate crisis. It found that as the exploitation of global land and water resources reaches unprecedented levels, the potential risk of food crises arising simultaneously on several continents increases. However, the report also offers different pathways for addressing the crises, including re-evaluating agriculture to increase the productivity of land, affecting consumer behavior to ensure less food waste, and promoting balanced diets featuring plant-based and sustainably produced animal sourced food. 

Global AIDS update 2019 — Communities at the centre

The 2019 Global AIDS update report found that globally around 1.7 million people became newly infected with HIV in 2018, a 16% decline since 2010. Some countries, particularly in eastern and southern Africa, have made impressive strides in reducing new HIV infections, increasing access to treatment, and ending AIDS-related deaths. At the same time, with the gap between resource needs and resource availability widening, there have been worrying increases in new HIV infections in eastern Europe and central Asia, in the Middle East and North Africa, and in Latin America.

FAO Report: Tracking Progress on Food and Agriculture-related SDG Indicators

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the UN released an indicator report discussing the state of global agriculture and hunger and food security. It found a grim and telling trend - there is a prevalence of regression rather than progress across SDG 2, 6, 14, and 15 targets. Unfortunately, advancement on achieving zero hunger has stalled, global forest cover continues to decline, and water use efficiency is increasing too slowly. Thus, the FAO report highlights the urgency for countries to increase spending on sustainable agriculture, improve water productivity, and support efficient markets to reduce food price anomalies. 

WE ARE HERE: An Integrated Approach to Youth-Inclusive Peace Processes

The United Nations Office of the Secretary-General’s Envoy on Youth released the first Global Policy Paper on Youth Participation in Peace Processes. This independent policy paper highlights the diverse and positive ways that young people have contributed to, and participated in, past and current peace processes around the world and calls for greater investment in youth-inclusive peace processes.

Rural Development Report 2019, Creating opportunities for rural youth

The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)’s 2019 Rural Development Report 2019 examines rural development in the context of the transformation of rural areas and the wider economy. It finds that investing in the rapidly growing youth population can yield progress in areas of poverty reduction, employment generation, and food and nutrition security. To realize this potential, the report calls for rural youth policies that strike the right balance between creating broader rural opportunities and fostering youth-centred investments that can generate employment for young people. 

Now, test your knowledge about these reports!

Correct! Roughly 500 million people live in areas that experience desertification. These areas are more vulnerable to climate change and extreme events including drought, heatwaves, and dust storms, with an increasing global population providing further pressure.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. Roughly 500 million people live in areas that experience desertification. These areas are more vulnerable to climate change and extreme events including drought, heatwaves, and dust storms, with an increasing global population providing further pressure.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. Roughly 500 million people live in areas that experience desertification. These areas are more vulnerable to climate change and extreme events including drought, heatwaves, and dust storms, with an increasing global population providing further pressure.

Correct! For the first time, the global resources available for the AIDS response declined significantly, by nearly US$ 1 billion, as donors disbursed less and domestic investments did not grow fast enough to compensate for inflation.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. For the first time, the global resources available for the AIDS response declined significantly, by nearly US$ 1 billion, as donors disbursed less and domestic investments did not grow fast enough to compensate for inflation.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. For the first time, the global resources available for the AIDS response declined significantly, by nearly US$ 1 billion, as donors disbursed less and domestic investments did not grow fast enough to compensate for inflation.

Correct! The situation is most alarming in Africa, not South America. Because of a combination of factors including conflicts and extreme weather events, there has been a slight but steady increase in hunger rates in almost all subregions.

Incorrect. The correct answer is A. The situation is most alarming in Africa, not South America. Because of a combination of factors including conflicts and extreme weather events, there has been a slight but steady increase in hunger rates in almost all subregions.

Incorrect. The correct answer is A. The situation is most alarming in Africa, not South America. Because of a combination of factors including conflicts and extreme weather events, there has been a slight but steady increase in hunger rates in almost all subregions.

Correct!  A conflict-sensitive and do-not-harm approach means working and engaging with young people as partners, as much as possible, throughout peace processes. It works to prevent elitism and tokenism among youth and is sensitive to the views, needs, and concerns of young women and men.

Incorrect. The correct answer is C. A conflict-sensitive and do-not-harm approach means working and engaging with young people as partners, as much as possible, throughout peace processes. It works to prevent elitism and tokenism among youth and is sensitive to the views, needs, and concerns of young women and men.

Incorrect. The correct answer is C. A conflict-sensitive and do-not-harm approach means working and engaging with young people as partners, as much as possible, throughout peace processes. It works to prevent elitism and tokenism among youth and is sensitive to the views, needs, and concerns of young women and men.

Correct! Concern about youth has deepened across developing countries because of the sheer number of young people. Of the 1.8 billion youth in the world, 90% reside in developing countries. This has led to greater youth unemployment and lack of land ownership, partly due to lack of access to financial opportunities. However, current trends in digitalization have helped reduce these age-related and rural-urban gaps. For example, the rise in digital financial services has helped youth secure loans and investments they were previously unable to access due to their geography.

Incorrect. The correct answer is A. Concern about youth has deepened across developing countries because of the sheer number of young people. Of the 1.8 billion youth in the world, 90% reside in developing countries. This has led to greater youth unemployment and lack of land ownership, partly due to lack of access to financial opportunities. However, current trends in digitalization have helped reduce these age-related and rural-urban gaps. For example, the rise in digital financial services has helped youth secure loans and investments they were previously unable to access due to their geography.

Incorrect. The correct answer is A. Concern about youth has deepened across developing countries because of the sheer number of young people. Of the 1.8 billion youth in the world, 90% reside in developing countries. This has led to greater youth unemployment and lack of land ownership, partly due to lack of access to financial opportunities. However, current trends in digitalization have helped reduce these age-related and rural-urban gaps. For example, the rise in digital financial services has helped youth secure loans and investments they were previously unable to access due to their geography.

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