4 September 2018

UNAI Quiz: United Nations Charter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The United Nations Academic Impact is informed by a commitment to support and advance ten basic principles. The tenth and last of these principles is:

United Nations Charter - A commitment to the principles inherent in the United Nations Charter

Test your knowledge about this UNAI principle with the UNAI Quiz!!

Scroll down to the bottom of this article to find the answers.

 

1. What is the United Nations Charter?

a) A treaty, according to International Law.

b) A summary of national Constitutions.

c) A political resolution adopted by the United Nations.

2. When was the term 'United Nations' created?

a) Before World War II.

b) During World War II.

c) After World War II.

3. How many countries signed the United Nations Charter in 1945?

a) 50.

b) 85.

c) 193.

4. Which is the name given to those countries?

a) First States.

b) Founding nations.

c) Original members.

5. What does the principle of sovereign equality of States entail?

a) That there are no differences between UN Member States.

b) That all UN Member States have equal rights and duties.

c) a + b.

 

 

 

 

Answers:

1.a) Says the Definition of key terms used by UNICEF in its Introduction to the Convention on the Rights of the Child that "the term ‘charter’ is used for particularly formal and solemn instruments, such as the treaty founding an international organization like the United Nations". Worth the mention that aside from the actual founding of the organization, the United Nations Charters defines the purposes and principles of the United Nations as well as its structure, mechanisms and procedures.

2.b) According to the History of the United Nations, the name 'United Nations' was coined by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt and was "first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942, during the Second World War, when representatives of 26 nations pledged their Governments to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers".

3.a) As stated here "forty-six nations, including the four sponsors, were originally invited to the San Francisco Conference: nations which had declared war on Germany and Japan (...) One of these nations - Poland - did not send a representative because the composition of its new government was not announced until too late for the conference. Therefore, a space was left for the signature of Poland, one of the original signatories of the United Nations Declaration (...) The conference itself invited four other states - the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, newly-liberated Denmark and Argentina. Thus delegates of fifty nations in all, gathered (...) all determined to set up an organization which would preserve peace and help build a better world".

4.c) Article 3 of the United Nations Charter defines those countries as "original members" in the following terms: "The original Members of the United Nations shall be the states which, having participated in the United Nations Conference on International Organization at San Francisco, or having previously signed the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942, sign the present Charter and ratify it in accordance with Article 110".

5.c) The first principle listed in the United Nations Charter was further explained in the Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Co-operation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations adopted by the UN General Assembly in these terms: "All States enjoy sovereign equality. They have equal rights and duties and are equal members of the international community, notwithstanding differences of an economic, social, political or other nature. In particular, sovereign equality includes the following elements: States are judicially equal; Each State enjoys the rights inherent in full sovereignty; Each State has the duty to respect the personality of other States; The territorial integrity and political independence of the State are inviolable; Each State has the right freely to choose and develop its political, social, economic and cultural systems; Each State has the duty to comply fully and in good faith with its international obligations and to live in peace with other States".

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We invite you to read the article Higher education and the principles of the UN Charter: A view from J. F. Oberlin University

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Find more about our Global Hub on this topic here

Celebrating the UN Charter

Celebrating the UN Charter
United Nations - Watch this video and take a trip to the birthplace of the UN Charter, San Francisco, where the UN's founding principles were commemorated seventy years later to the day.