23 June 2020

UNAI Quiz: SDG 9 - Industries, Innovation and Infrastructure

Inclusive and sustainable industrialization, together with innovation and infrastructure, can unleash dynamic and competitive economic forces that generate employment and income and play a key role in introducing and promoting new technologies, facilitating international trade and enabling the efficient use of resources.

 

However, the COVID-19 pandemic has hit manufacturing industries hard and revealed the urgent need to bridge the digital divide for the 3.6 billion people who remain offline. Once the acute phase of the COVID-19 crisis is over, governments will need to invest in infrastructure to accelerate economic recovery, create jobs, reduce poverty, and stimulate productive investment.

 

Test your knowledge of SDG 9 now!

Correct! Every job in manufacturing creates 2.2 jobs in other sectors. Manufacturing drives demand for jobs related to raw materials, energy, construction, and services from a broad array of supplying industries, and is an important employer, accounting for around 470 million jobs worldwide, or around 16 per cent of the world’s workforce of 2.9 billion. The share of manufacturing employment is largest in East and Southeast Asia (18 per cent) and the smallest in sub-Saharan Africa (6 per cent).

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. Every job in manufacturing creates 2.2 jobs in other sectors. Manufacturing drives demand for jobs related to raw materials, energy, construction, and services from a broad array of supplying industries, and is an important employer, accounting for around 470 million jobs worldwide, or around 16 per cent of the world’s workforce of 2.9 billion. The share of manufacturing employment is largest in East and Southeast Asia (18 per cent) and the smallest in sub-Saharan Africa (6 per cent).

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. Every job in manufacturing creates 2.2 jobs in other sectors. Manufacturing drives demand for jobs related to raw materials, energy, construction, and services from a broad array of supplying industries, and is an important employer, accounting for around 470 million jobs worldwide, or around 16 per cent of the world’s workforce of 2.9 billion. The share of manufacturing employment is largest in East and Southeast Asia (18 per cent) and the smallest in sub-Saharan Africa (6 per cent).

Correct! According to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the world’s top 5,000 multinational enterprises (MNEs), which account for a significant share of global foreign direct investment (FDI), have now seen downward revisions of 30 per cent on average for 2020 earnings estimates. The hardest hit sectors are energy and basic materials industries.  The downward revisions of earnings in the energy and basic materials industries are caused by a global decline in demand, due to the implementation of mitigation measures and lockdowns that led to physical closures of sites and businesses as well as production slowdowns.

Incorrect. The correct answer is C. According to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the world’s top 5,000 multinational enterprises (MNEs), which account for a significant share of global foreign direct investment (FDI), have now seen downward revisions of 30 per cent on average for 2020 earnings estimates. The hardest hit sectors are energy and basic materials industries.  The downward revisions of earnings in the energy and basic materials industries are caused by a global decline in demand, due to the implementation of mitigation measures and lockdowns that led to physical closures of sites and businesses as well as production slowdowns.

Incorrect. The correct answer is C. According to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the world’s top 5,000 multinational enterprises (MNEs), which account for a significant share of global foreign direct investment (FDI), have now seen downward revisions of 30 per cent on average for 2020 earnings estimates. The hardest hit sectors are energy and basic materials industries.  The downward revisions of earnings in the energy and basic materials industries are caused by a global decline in demand, due to the implementation of mitigation measures and lockdowns that led to physical closures of sites and businesses as well as production slowdowns.

Correct! The correct answer is B. Innovation and technological progress are key to finding lasting solutions to both economic and environmental challenges, such as increased efficiencies in the use of resources and energy. Globally, investment in research and development (R&D) as a proportion of GDP increased from 1.5 per cent in 2000 to 1.7 per cent in 2015 and remained almost unchanged in 2017, but it was less than 1 per cent in developing regions.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. Innovation and technological progress are key to finding lasting solutions to both economic and environmental challenges, such as increased efficiencies in the use of resources and energy. Globally, investment in research and development (R&D) as a proportion of GDP increased from 1.5 per cent in 2000 to 1.7 per cent in 2015 and remained almost unchanged in 2017, but it was less than 1 per cent in developing regions.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. Innovation and technological progress are key to finding lasting solutions to both economic and environmental challenges, such as increased efficiencies in the use of resources and energy. Globally, investment in research and development (R&D) as a proportion of GDP increased from 1.5 per cent in 2000 to 1.7 per cent in 2015 and remained almost unchanged in 2017, but it was less than 1 per cent in developing regions.

Correct! The correct answer is B. Efficient transportation services are key drivers of economic development, and more than 80 per cent of world merchandise trade by volume is transported by sea, making maritime transport a critical enabler of trade and globalization. The total volume of cargo transported by sea in 2018 was 11 billion tons, despite trade tensions and recessions that led to a slowdown in maritime trade.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. Efficient transportation services are key drivers of economic development, and more than 80 per cent of world merchandise trade by volume is transported by sea, making maritime transport a critical enabler of trade and globalization. The total volume of cargo transported by sea in 2018 was 11 billion tons, despite trade tensions and recessions that led to a slowdown in maritime trade.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. Efficient transportation services are key drivers of economic development, and more than 80 per cent of world merchandise trade by volume is transported by sea, making maritime transport a critical enabler of trade and globalization. The total volume of cargo transported by sea in 2018 was 11 billion tons, despite trade tensions and recessions that led to a slowdown in maritime trade.

Correct! Least developed countries have immense potential for industrialization of the production of food and beverages, also known as the agroindustry, and better linking enterprises to the supply chains and distribution networks. Agrobusiness covers all business activities performed related to getting food from “farm to fork”, creating jobs such as suppliers, producers, food processors, distributers, traders, exporters and retailers.

Incorrect. The correct answer is A. Least developed countries have immense potential for industrialization of the production of food and beverages, also known as the agroindustry, and better linking enterprises to the supply chains and distribution networks. Agrobusiness covers all business activities performed related to getting food from “farm to fork”, creating jobs such as suppliers, producers, food processors, distributers, traders, exporters and retailers.

Incorrect. The correct answer is A. Least developed countries have immense potential for industrialization of the production of food and beverages, also known as the agroindustry, and better linking enterprises to the supply chains and distribution networks. Agrobusiness covers all business activities performed related to getting food from “farm to fork”, creating jobs such as suppliers, producers, food processors, distributers, traders, exporters and retailers.

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