25 June 2019

UNAI QUIZ: SDG 7 - Affordable and Clean Energy

Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces today. Be it for jobs, security, climate change, food production or increasing incomes, access to energy for all is essential. Working towards this goal is especially important as it interlinks with other Sustainable Development Goals. Focusing on universal access to energy, increased energy efficiency and the increased use of renewable energy through new economic and job opportunities is crucial to creating more sustainable and inclusive communities and resilience to environmental issues like climate change.

Currently there are approximately 3 billion people who lack access to clean-cooking solutions and are exposed to dangerous levels of air pollution. Additionally, slightly less than 1 billion people are functioning without electricity and 50% of them are found in Sub-Saharan Africa alone. Fortunately, progress has been made in the past decade regarding the use of renewable electricity from water, solar and wind power and the ratio of energy used per unit of GDP is also declining.

However, the challenge is far from being solved and there needs to be more access to clean fuel and technology and more progress toward integrating renewable energy into end-use applications in buildings, transport and industry. Public and private investments in energy also need to be increased and there needs to be greater focus on regulatory frameworks and innovative business models to transform the world’s energy systems.

Test your knowledge of SDG 7 now!

Correct! Energy is the dominant contributor to climate change, accounting for around 60% of total global greenhouse gas emissions. Fossil fuel electricity generators such as coal and natural gas release greenhouse gasses that increase global temperatures. In the transpiration sector, burning gasoline and diesel through combustion engines releases a substantial amount of greenhouse gas emissions as well.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. Energy is the dominant contributor to climate change, accounting for around 60% of total global greenhouse gas emissions. Fossil fuel electricity generators such as coal and natural gas release greenhouse gasses that increase global temperatures. In the transpiration sector, burning gasoline and diesel through combustion engines releases a substantial amount of greenhouse gas emissions as well.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. Energy is the dominant contributor to climate change, accounting for around 60% of total global greenhouse gas emissions. Fossil fuel electricity generators such as coal and natural gas release greenhouse gasses that increase global temperatures. In the transpiration sector, burning gasoline and diesel through combustion engines releases a substantial amount of greenhouse gas emissions as well.

Correct! The share of renewables in final energy consumption increased modestly, from 17.3 per cent in 2014 to 17.5 percent in 2015. Yet only 55 per cent of the renewable share was derived from modern forms of renewable energy, which includes solar and wind.  However, in 2017, the world installed a record 98 gigawatts of new solar capacity and solar costs continued to decrease. The reduced costs of solar projects have increased its competitiveness with traditional sources of energy in markets around the world. This will allow clean energy, like solar, to meet increasing energy demand rather than fossil fuel sources that accelerate climate change.

Incorrect. The correct answer is A. The share of renewables in final energy consumption increased modestly, from 17.3 per cent in 2014 to 17.5 percent in 2015. Yet only 55 per cent of the renewable share was derived from modern forms of renewable energy, which includes solar and wind.  However, in 2017, the world installed a record 98 gigawatts of new solar capacity and solar costs continued to decrease. The reduced costs of solar projects have increased its competitiveness with traditional sources of energy in markets around the world. This will allow clean energy, like solar, to meet increasing energy demand rather than fossil fuel sources that accelerate climate change.

Incorrect. The correct answer is A. The share of renewables in final energy consumption increased modestly, from 17.3 per cent in 2014 to 17.5 percent in 2015. Yet only 55 per cent of the renewable share was derived from modern forms of renewable energy, which includes solar and wind.  However, in 2017, the world installed a record 98 gigawatts of new solar capacity and solar costs continued to decrease. The reduced costs of solar projects have increased its competitiveness with traditional sources of energy in markets around the world. This will allow clean energy, like solar, to meet increasing energy demand rather than fossil fuel sources that accelerate climate change.

Correct! From 2000 to 2016, the proportion of the global population with access to electricity increased from 78 per cent to 87 per cent, with the absolute number of people living without electricity dipping to just below 1 billion.

Incorrect. The incorrect answer is C. From 2000 to 2016, the proportion of the global population with access to electricity increased from 78 per cent to 87 per cent, with the absolute number of people living without electricity dipping to just below 1 billion.

Incorrect. The incorrect answer is C. From 2000 to 2016, the proportion of the global population with access to electricity increased from 78 per cent to 87 per cent, with the absolute number of people living without electricity dipping to just below 1 billion.

Correct! In 2016, 3 billion people (41 per cent of the world’s population) were still cooking with polluting fuel and stove combinations. Therefore, around 3 billion people still cook using solid fuels (such as wood, crop wastes, charcoal, coal and dung) and kerosene in open fires and inefficient stoves. 3.8 million people a year die prematurely from illness attributable to the household air pollution caused by the inefficient use of solid fuels and kerosene for cooking.

Incorrect. The correct answer is C. In 2016, 3 billion people (41 per cent of the world’s population) were still cooking with polluting fuel and stove combinations. Therefore, around 3 billion people still cook using solid fuels (such as wood, crop wastes, charcoal, coal and dung) and kerosene in open fires and inefficient stoves. 3.8 million people a year die prematurely from illness attributable to the household air pollution caused by the inefficient use of solid fuels and kerosene for cooking.

Incorrect. The correct answer is C. In 2016, 3 billion people (41 per cent of the world’s population) were still cooking with polluting fuel and stove combinations. Therefore, around 3 billion people still cook using solid fuels (such as wood, crop wastes, charcoal, coal and dung) and kerosene in open fires and inefficient stoves. 3.8 million people a year die prematurely from illness attributable to the household air pollution caused by the inefficient use of solid fuels and kerosene for cooking.

Correct! Since 1990, global emissions of CO2 have increased by more than 46 per cent. The most abundant GHG, accounting for about two-thirds of GHGs, is carbon dioxide (CO2), which is largely the product of burning fossil fuels. The concentration of GHGs in the earth’s atmosphere is directly linked to the average global temperature on Earth. Therefore, the growth of clean energy will be crucial to limiting global temperature increases to 1.5ºC.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. Since 1990, global emissions of CO2 have increased by more than 46 per cent. The most abundant GHG, accounting for about two-thirds of GHGs, is carbon dioxide (CO2), which is largely the product of burning fossil fuels. The concentration of GHGs in the earth’s atmosphere is directly linked to the average global temperature on Earth. Therefore, the growth of clean energy will be crucial to limiting global temperature increases to 1.5ºC.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. Since 1990, global emissions of CO2 have increased by more than 46 per cent. The most abundant GHG, accounting for about two-thirds of GHGs, is carbon dioxide (CO2), which is largely the product of burning fossil fuels. The concentration of GHGs in the earth’s atmosphere is directly linked to the average global temperature on Earth. Therefore, the growth of clean energy will be crucial to limiting global temperature increases to 1.5ºC.

Thank you for taking the UNAI quiz on SDG 7 - Affordable and Clean Energy. Click submit to receive additional resources!