27 July 2020

UNAI Quiz: SDG 12 – Responsible Consumption and Production

Worldwide consumption and production — a driving force of the global economy — rest on the use of the natural environment and resources in a way that continues to have destructive impacts on the planet. Economic and social progress over the last century have been accompanied by environmental degradation that is endangering the very systems on which our future development and our very survival depend.

Responsible consumption and production are about doing more and better with less. It is also about decoupling economic growth from environmental degradation, increasing resource efficiency and promoting sustainable lifestyles. The COVID-19 pandemic offers countries an opportunity to build recovery plans that will reverse current trends and change our consumption and production patterns toward a more sustainable future.

Test your knowledge of SDG 12!

Correct! Should the global population reach 9.6 billion by 2050, the equivalent of almost three planets could be required to provide the natural resources needed to sustain current lifestyles. Such quantities of resources are simply not available, and the absorptive capacity of the earth’s ecosystems are already stretched at much lower global levels of resource use. It is therefore evident that current patterns of consumption and production are environmentally unsustainable and socially inequitable.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. Should the global population reach 9.6 billion by 2050, the equivalent of almost three planets could be required to provide the natural resources needed to sustain current lifestyles. Such quantities of resources are simply not available, and the absorptive capacity of the earth’s ecosystems are already stretched at much lower global levels of resource use. It is therefore evident that current patterns of consumption and production are environmentally unsustainable and socially inequitable.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. Should the global population reach 9.6 billion by 2050, the equivalent of almost three planets could be required to provide the natural resources needed to sustain current lifestyles. Such quantities of resources are simply not available, and the absorptive capacity of the earth’s ecosystems are already stretched at much lower global levels of resource use. It is therefore evident that current patterns of consumption and production are environmentally unsustainable and socially inequitable.

Correct! According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), an estimated 1/3 of all food produced – equivalent to 1.3 billion tons worth around $1 trillion – ends up rotting in the bins of consumers and retailers or spoiling due to poor transportation and harvesting practices every year. Food wasted by households, distribution industries and the catering sector releases large amounts of greenhouse gases. Pests, lack of adequate storage facilities and inefficient supply chains also contribute to food loss. This reality is especially painful given that nearly 800 million people are hungry. It also comes with a loss of labour, water, energy, land and other inputs used in food production. If we could save just a quarter of the food that is currently lost or wasted around the world, we could feed all people suffering from food insecurity.

Incorrect. The correct answer is C. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), an estimated 1/3 of all food produced – equivalent to 1.3 billion tons worth around $1 trillion – ends up rotting in the bins of consumers and retailers or spoiling due to poor transportation and harvesting practices every year. Food wasted by households, distribution industries and the catering sector releases large amounts of greenhouse gases. Pests, lack of adequate storage facilities and inefficient supply chains also contribute to food loss. This reality is especially painful given that nearly 800 million people are hungry. It also comes with a loss of labour, water, energy, land and other inputs used in food production. If we could save just a quarter of the food that is currently lost or wasted around the world, we could feed all people suffering from food insecurity.

Incorrect. The correct answer is C. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), an estimated 1/3 of all food produced – equivalent to 1.3 billion tons worth around $1 trillion – ends up rotting in the bins of consumers and retailers or spoiling due to poor transportation and harvesting practices every year. Food wasted by households, distribution industries and the catering sector releases large amounts of greenhouse gases. Pests, lack of adequate storage facilities and inefficient supply chains also contribute to food loss. This reality is especially painful given that nearly 800 million people are hungry. It also comes with a loss of labour, water, energy, land and other inputs used in food production. If we could save just a quarter of the food that is currently lost or wasted around the world, we could feed all people suffering from food insecurity.

Correct! According to the latest Sustainable Development Goals Report released by the UN, despite the growing urgency of the climate crisis, Governments are still subsidizing the fossil fuel industry. The consequences include the production of large amounts of greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and global warming. Fossil fuel subsidies may contribute to COVID-19 mortality rates, based on the link between air pollution, respiratory illnesses and the severity of COVID-19 infections. Subsidies for oil, gas and fossil-fuelled electricity fell significantly in 2019 mostly due to a decline in fuel prices and there will likely be further decrease in 2020 due to weak demand. However, the continued prevalence of these subsidies is counterproductive, especially at a time when many governments need resources to finance large-scale COVID-19 relief and recovery measures. Fossil fuel subsidy reform could be a valuable instrument in the policy toolkit for re-allocating scarce public resources.

Incorrect. The correct answer is A. According to the latest Sustainable Development Goals Report released by the UN, despite the growing urgency of the climate crisis, Governments are still subsidizing the fossil fuel industry. The consequences include the production of large amounts of greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and global warming. Fossil fuel subsidies may contribute to COVID-19 mortality rates, based on the link between air pollution, respiratory illnesses and the severity of COVID-19 infections. Subsidies for oil, gas and fossil-fuelled electricity fell significantly in 2019 mostly due to a decline in fuel prices and there will likely be further decrease in 2020 due to weak demand. However, the continued prevalence of these subsidies is counterproductive, especially at a time when many governments need resources to finance large-scale COVID-19 relief and recovery measures. Fossil fuel subsidy reform could be a valuable instrument in the policy toolkit for re-allocating scarce public resources.

Incorrect. The correct answer is A. According to the latest Sustainable Development Goals Report released by the UN, despite the growing urgency of the climate crisis, Governments are still subsidizing the fossil fuel industry. The consequences include the production of large amounts of greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and global warming. Fossil fuel subsidies may contribute to COVID-19 mortality rates, based on the link between air pollution, respiratory illnesses and the severity of COVID-19 infections. Subsidies for oil, gas and fossil-fuelled electricity fell significantly in 2019 mostly due to a decline in fuel prices and there will likely be further decrease in 2020 due to weak demand. However, the continued prevalence of these subsidies is counterproductive, especially at a time when many governments need resources to finance large-scale COVID-19 relief and recovery measures. Fossil fuel subsidy reform could be a valuable instrument in the policy toolkit for re-allocating scarce public resources.

Correct! A sustainability report by a company provides information on the economic, environmental and social impacts of its activities. Sustainability reporting is an important tool for corporate transparency and accountability, one that plays a key role in attaining the Goals of the 2030 Agenda. According to a recent report from KPMG, 93 per cent of the world’s 250 largest companies (in terms of revenue) are now reporting on sustainability, as are three quarters of the top 100 companies in 49 countries.

Incorrect. The correct answer is C. A sustainability report by a company provides information on the economic, environmental and social impacts of its activities. Sustainability reporting is an important tool for corporate transparency and accountability, one that plays a key role in attaining the Goals of the 2030 Agenda. According to a recent report from KPMG, 93 per cent of the world’s 250 largest companies (in terms of revenue) are now reporting on sustainability, as are three quarters of the top 100 companies in 49 countries.

Incorrect. The correct answer is C. A sustainability report by a company provides information on the economic, environmental and social impacts of its activities. Sustainability reporting is an important tool for corporate transparency and accountability, one that plays a key role in attaining the Goals of the 2030 Agenda. According to a recent report from KPMG, 93 per cent of the world’s 250 largest companies (in terms of revenue) are now reporting on sustainability, as are three quarters of the top 100 companies in 49 countries.

Correct! “Funny fruit” should not be thrown out just because it looks imperfect. Buying these perfectly good fruits and vegetables, at the farmer’s market or elsewhere, utilizes food that might otherwise go to waste. The Lazy Person’s Guide to Saving the World provides advice on the easy actions we can take that can make a positive impact on sustainability.

Incorrect. The correct answer is A. “Funny fruit” should not be thrown out just because it looks imperfect. Buying these perfectly good fruits and vegetables, at the farmer’s market or elsewhere, utilizes food that might otherwise go to waste. The Lazy Person’s Guide to Saving the World provides advice on the easy actions we can take that can make a positive impact on sustainability.

Incorrect. The correct answer is A. “Funny fruit” should not be thrown out just because it looks imperfect. Buying these perfectly good fruits and vegetables, at the farmer’s market or elsewhere, utilizes food that might otherwise go to waste. The Lazy Person’s Guide to Saving the World provides advice on the easy actions we can take that can make a positive impact on sustainability.

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