9 July 2018

UNAI Quiz: Human Rights

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The United Nations Academic Impact is informed by a commitment to support and advance ten basic principles. The sixth of these principles is:

Human Rights - A commitment to human rights, among them freedom of inquiry, opinion, and speech

Test your knowledge about this UNAI principle with the UNAI Quiz!!

Scroll down to the bottom of this article to find the answers.

 

1. What can be defined as human rights?

a) Those benefits granted to any adult person.

b) Those entitlements for those lawfully residing in a given country.

c) Those rights inherent to all human beings.

2. What makes the Universal Declaration of Human Rights so unique?

a) It was drafted by people from all over the world.

b) Sets common standards on human rights protection.

c) Both previous answers.

3. Is Human Rights Education relevant?

a) It is only relevant for those working in the legal profession. 

b) It is only relevant for those presenting complaints on human rights violations.

c) It is relevant for all human beings.

4. Are human rights related to the Sustainable Development Goals?

a) Yes, the SDGs are directly linked with human rights standards.

b) Yes, but the relation is negligible.

c) No, there is no connection.

5. Is there any review about the human rights situation in all UN Member States?

a) Yes, there is a periodic review made to all UN Member States about their human rights situation.

b) Yes, but only for specific human rights in certain UN Member States.

c) No, there is no mechanism to conduct this kind of review.

 

 

 

Answers:

1. c) According to the OHCHR in their page What are human rights these are "rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible. Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law, general principles and other sources of international law".

2. c) The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was "drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world" and then proclaimed "as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations" setting out "for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected". A campaign to celebrate this year the 70th anniversary of this document can be seen here.

3. c) The OHCHR notes that "human rights can only be achieved through an informed and continued demand by people for their protection. Human rights education promotes values, beliefs and attitudes that encourage all individuals to uphold their own rights and those of others. It develops an understanding of everyone's common responsibility to make human rights a reality in each community".

4. a) The document Transforming Our World: Human Rights in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development issued by the OHCHR, states that "many of the SDGs relate closely to economic, social and cultural rights. Goal 16 on peaceful and inclusive societies also covers many dimensions of civil and political rights, including personal security, access to justice, and fundamental freedoms. Goal 17 and many of the international targets under each Goal address issues that are related to duties of international cooperation and the right to development".

5. a) When the UN Human Rights Council was created, Resolution 60/51 of the UN General Assembly also established the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) as "a unique process which involves a periodic review of the human rights records of all 193 UN Member States" based "on objective and reliable information, of the fulfilment by each State of its human rights obligations and commitments". Each review is "conducted by the UPR Working Group which consists of the 47 members of the Council" and the documents used are those containing "1) information provided by the State under review, which can take the form of a “national report”; 2) information contained in the reports of independent human rights experts and groups, known as the Special Procedures, human rights treaty bodies, and other UN entities; 3) information from other stakeholders including national human rights institutions and non-governmental organizations".

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