27 June 2018

UNAI Quiz: Access to Higher Education

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The United Nations Academic Impact is informed by a commitment to support and advance ten basic principles. The fifth of these principles is:

Access to Higher Education - A commitment to the opportunity for every interested individual to acquire the skills and knowledge necessary for the pursuit of higher education

Test your knowledge about this UNAI principle with the UNAI Quiz!!

Scroll down to the bottom of this article to find the answers.

 

1. What is the main mission of higher education?

a) To grant academic degrees.

b) To provide further knowledge not acquired in secondary school.

c) To educate highly qualified graduates and responsible citizens.

2. Is access to higher education a human right?

a) No, but discussions are taking place on this regard.

b) Yes, as it is considered key for the full realization of the right of everyone to education.

c) Yes, but only as a matter of opinion and not as part of any international instrument.

3. Why is higher education particularly relevant for development?

a) It makes possible better standards of living for top graduates.

b) It improves social networking possibilities for the individual.

c) It positively impacts the individual and society as a whole.

4. How many students are currently enrolled in higher education?

a) 58 million.

b) 153 million.

c) 207 million.

5. What conditions might impact access to higher education?

a) A mix of individual and household characteristics.

b) Individual preferences and preconceived ideas about higher education.

c) Only the reduced availability of institutions of higher education.

 

 

 

Answers:

1. c) In the World Declaration on Higher Education for the Twenty-First Century it is stated that "the core missions and values of higher education, in particular the mission to contribute to the sustainable development and improvement of society as a whole, should be preserved, reinforced and further expanded, namely, to: (a) educate highly qualified graduates and responsible citizens able to meet the needs of all sectors of human activity, by offering relevant qualifications, including professional training, which combine high-level knowledge and skills, using courses and content continually tailored to the present and future needs of society ..."

2. b) The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in its article 13 says that "the States Parties to the present Covenant recognize the right of everyone to education" and "with a view to achieving the full realization of this right" recognize as well that "(c) Higher education shall be made equally accessible to all, on the basis of capacity, by every appropriate means, and in particular by the progressive introduction of free education".

3. c) The World Bank says that "higher education is instrumental in fostering growth, reducing poverty and boosting shared prosperity. A highly-skilled workforce, with a solid post-secondary education, is a prerequisite for innovation and growth: well-educated people are more employable, earn higher wages, and cope with economic shocks better. Higher education benefits not just the individual, but society as well."

4. c) The policy paper Six ways to ensure higher education leaves no one behind published by UNESCO, states that "worldwide, enrolment in higher education has been growing steadily: Between 2000 and 2014, the number of students in higher education institutions more than doubled, rising from 100 million to 207 million. In the same period, the global higher education gross enrolment ratio increased from 19% to 34%."

5. a) The UNESCO report At a Crossroads: Higher Education in Latin America and the Caribbean says that "individual and household characteristics, including family income, parental education, region of residence, ethnicity, and gender" might impact access to higher education. The document states that "a more accurate picture can be drawn by looking at conditional gaps, that is, the access gaps across different groups holding constant other observable variables. For instance, it is likely that, to some extent, those with uneducated parents who belong to ethnic minorities and live in lagging regions have lower access to higher education for the same reason—namely, that they are poorer."