18 August 2017

UNAI Global Hub on Sustainability and Model UN-New Silk Way discussed collaboration opportunities for the Silk Road countries

18 August 2017- The Global Hub UNAI on Sustainability Al Farabi Kazakh National University has contributed to the workshop of the Model UN - New Silk Way Program discussing collaboration opportunities for the Silk Road countries on 21 July 2017.  The workshop was organized by the Model UN - New Silk Way program for the international and national students – participants of the Silk Road Summer School in Almaty, Kazakhstan.

The international students and faculty came from about ten universities from China, Kazakhstan, Italy and Turkey, members of the Alliance of Universities of the Silk Road, to attend the Silk Road summer school organized at the campus of Al Farabi Kazakh National University. Within the framework of Model UN, the students not only listened to the lectures and presentations, but also brainstormed their own ideas and suggestions. This innovative format opened up a whole world of ideas, opinions, experiences, offering unique opportunities for self-realization and self-expression, validation and development of intellectual skills and creativity, knowledge and creative thinking.

The Model UN - New Silk Way workshop, organized within the framework of the summer school, has allowed to reflect on the United Nations work in real time, focusing on the challenging issues which Kazakhstan faces as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council. For half a day, the students acted as diplomats, representatives of the UN member states, working in one session on the topic:


United Nations Security Council - "Great Silk Road cooperation for economic development, security and peacebuilding"

The participants discussed three aspects that are important for the promotion of the cooperation within the context of Silk Road Economic Belt. It could be used as an example of a regional zone of peace, security, cooperation and development applicable in other areas around the world:


1. Development and Security nexus.

Security and development are closely interrelated: without security, there can be no development; and without development there is no security, the so-called security-development nexus.

Convinced of the strong security-development nexus, it is important to integrate the countries of Greater Central Asia through trade, transport, investment and regional infrastructure, to help transforming all countries of the region, including Afghanistan into effective development partners who are able to work on peacebuilding and conflict prevention.

The students suggested that the UN should continue to be the leading organization coordinating international work to ensure that joint efforts of all key stakeholders are complementary, mutually reinforcing and synergetic.


2. Regional Approach – collaboration of the countries along the Great Silk Road Economic Belt

Development and security today should have a more regional than a country-specific aspect, because many problems and ways to solve them lie outside the framework of a single state and require a regional approach. The Great Silk Road Economic Belt initiative provides one of such approaches.


3. Delivering as one – working together on the effective collaboration  along the Great Silk Road Economic Belt

The shrinking volume of accessible international humanitarian assistance requires a coordinated and integrated regional development strategy by the UN structures, not competition between them.

According to the students, this approach should lead to a greater interaction and coordination of the UN agencies and programs with all international and national stakeholders, increasing the effectiveness of the UN, providing greater effectiveness and transparency in the administration of aid, as well as saving money. So, today the Silk Road countries need a coordinated regional development strategy as never before.

The Model UN - New Silk Way workshop was supported by the US Consulate General in Almaty, the United Nations Information Office, the Al-Farabi Kazakh National University – UNAI Global Hub on Sustainability and the University “Alliance of the Silk Road”.

Program coordinator, Rafis Abazov, executive director of the program Model UN - New Silk Way and a visiting professor at Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, believes that "the Model UN New Silk Way initiative provides the students with essential knowledge about the work of the United Nations. It also improves their diplomatic skills and enhances the knowledge how to use negotiation skills to address the local and global challenges.”

This is a unique initiative among the few programs in the region of Central and South Asia, which allows students to discuss various global issues. It also helps to strengthen the ties between the participants and their countries in the spirit of the traditions of the Great Silk Way.



2017 Model UN - New Silk Way With Silk Road Summer School

The Model UN workshop organized by the Model UN - New Silk Way team with support from Al-Farabi Kazakh National University for students from ten universities - the members of the "University Alliance of Silk Road"