18 June 2018

#SDGsinAcademia: Goal 8

As part of the ongoing campaign on the Sustainable Development Goals carried out by the United Nations, United Nations Academic Impact (UNAI) is presenting a weekly series of articles on #SDGSinAcademia that highlights the importance of higher education in achieving the Goals. Featuring additional sources for use by faculty and students alike, this series is intended to inspire action on the SDGs and showcase activities and initiatives of UNAI member institutions.

 

19 June 2018 - This week we are featuring in our #SDGsinAcademia series Goal 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

Targets:

  • 8.1 Sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and, in particular, at least 7 per cent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries 
  • 8.2 Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors 
  • 8.3 Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services
  • 8.4 Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, with developed countries taking the lead 
  • 8.5 By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value 
  • 8.6 By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training
  • 8.7 Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms
  • 8.8 Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment 
  • 8.9 By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products
  • 8.10 Strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all 
  • 8.A Increase Aid for Trade support for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, including through the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to Least Developed Countries 
  • 8.B By 2020, develop and operationalize a global strategy for youth employment and implement the Global Jobs Pact of the International Labour Organization

What are UNAI member institutions doing about Goal 8? Here are some examples:

The Universidad Católica Andrés Bello (Venezuela) hosts a Center of Innovation and Entrepeneurship aimed to develop, implement and manage an integral model of entrepeneurship. This week, the Center is holding the Caracas Startup Week to showcase youth entrepeneurship through successful experiences, in order to promote positive business solutions and with the participation of over 40 organizations.

The Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana (Colombia) held last year the 2nd International Congress on Business Management, which provided an academic space to talk about international business intended to generate tools to develop strategies of internationalization for diverse economic and industry sectors, not only to understand but also to overcome current globalization's challenges.

The Universidad Nacional del Rosario (Argentina) has the #VincularEmpleo programme which facilitates and provides a service of intermediation through an on line platform that creates connections between students and graduates of the institution and private sector organizations at the regional level that might offer employment opportunities. The ultimate goal is to reduce unemployment and to promote local development.

The Escuela de Arte y Superior de Alicante (Spain) is conducting with local partners in Nepal and under the leadership of Professor Francisco Oncina, the Art of Protection research project, which is focused on how artistic creativity is linked to the creation of companies and decent work within the framework of the application, promotion and protection of intellectual property rights.

The University of Essex (United Kingdom) organized a lecture in charge of Manuela Nocker, to talk about vocational training schemes largely targeting youth while putting aside older employees. In her view, available lifelong learning initiatives are failing to meet their particular needs. To face this challenge, the expert proposes a better intergenerational collaboration at the workplace.

The University of Pretoria (South Africa) has organized skills training programmes through the Community Engagement Unit to various people living on the streets to rehabilitate them. Alternative means of employment such as gathering and selling rubbish from the area gave many people new opportunities as well as resulting in the removal of tons of rubble from the area. 

Assam Don Bosco University (India) through three of its departments, organized a five-day free training programme on desktop publishing and design of solar-powered chargeable LED lamps in two separate batches. The objective of this annually conducted programme is to enhance the employability and entrepreneurial skills of unemployed youths and to promote self-employment among them. 

Southern University (Bangladesh) has conducted industrial training around the area of Chittagong, showing students various activities of business plans, production plans, production processes and effective management of operations of a large manufacturing plant. Also, every semester an Entrepreneurship Fair Toward Sustainopreneurship Development takes place on campus.

The Balochistan University of Information Technology, Engineering and Management Sciences (Pakistan) launched two years ago the Enterprise Challenge Programme, which is an inter-school competition that is designed to inspire and instill entrepreneurial and business acumen amongst young people and also to encourage them to consider enterprise as a career option. 

The State University of New York - Oswego (United States) faculty, in particular Professor Sarfraz Mian, has been conducting academic research about the connections between business incubators and social impacts, and the way entrepreneurship can positively impact social problems. He has also researched on the involvement of universities in technology business incubation.

Here you can take a look to a selection of the Activity Reports submitted by UNAI member institutions.

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The following resources can help improving your knowledge and understanding about Goal 8 in particular and also about the SDGs in general:

  • This is a comprehensive research guide made by the United Nations Library in Geneva listing resources about the SDGs in general and about each one of the Goals, including books and articles (some of which are fully available on line free of charge), UN documents such as resolutions and reports and additional resources.
  • The SDG Fund has created this online library featuring over 1,000 online publications. The publications are categorized by the Goals they represent, by geographical regions they relate to and by authors, to facilitate easy searchability. Each publication also has a short summary attached to it which helps with keyword searches.
  • This is an initiative supported by UNDP, UN-HABITAT and the Global Taskforce of Local and Regional Governments, which offers a selection of tools such as concept notes, papers, case studies, compilation of best practices and guides providing contextual and practical information about the SDGs.
  • This is a guide entitled Getting Started with the Sustainable Development Goals intended for stakeholders and designed by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) to serve as an initial basis for implementing the SDGs.
  • This guide entitled Getting Started with the SDGs in Universities was also developed by the SDSN to help universities, higher education institutions and the academic sector in Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific to accelerate their contributions to the SDGs highlighting the important role universities have in implementing the SDGs through their teaching, research, operations and leadership, and providing practical guidance and examples to inspire further action.
  • This guide entitled Sustainable Development Goals - Human Response Alignments features the human element of change and the human response corresponding to each of the SDGs in order to quicken the global conversation about vital issues and to encourage the movement that supports the vision of the SDGs.

Decent Work & the Global Goals

Decent Work & the Global Goals
The ILO's Kevin Cassidy discusses goal 8 of the the 2030 sustainable development goals with Stephen Pursey, ILO Senior Policy Adviser and G20 Coordinator, and how we can achieve a fair globalization.